Pregnancy is a common cause. Polyps or fibroids (small and large growths) in the uterus can also cause bleeding. Rarely, a thyroid problem, infection of the cervix, or cancer of the uterus can cause abnormal uterine bleeding. In most women, abnormal uterine bleeding is caused by a hormone imbalance.
Sometime patients have some questions and myths in their mind so we tries to answer some of them below.
- Bleeding between periods
- Bleeding after sex
- Spotting anytime in the menstrual cycle
- Bleeding heavier or for more days than normal
- Bleeding after menopause
Abnormal bleeding can occur at any age. At certain times in a woman's life it is common for periods to be somewhat irregular. They may not occur on schedule in the first few years after a girl starts to have them (around age 9-16 years). The cycle may get shorter near age 35 years. It often gets shorter as a woman nears menopause (around age 50 years). It also is normal then to skip periods or for bleeding to get lighter or heavier.
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Problems linked to some birth control methods, such as an intrauterine device (IUD) or birth control pills
- Infection of the uterus or cervix
- Problems with blood clotting
- Certain types of cancers, such as cancer of the uterus, cervix, or vagina
- Chronic medical conditions (for instance, thyroid problems and diabetes)
If you are having abnormal bleeding, see your doctor. Abnormal bleeding can have a number of causes. There is no way to tell why your bleeding is abnormal until your doctor examines you. Once the cause is found, it often can be treated with success. If it persists or returns, you should see your doctor again.